Young interview about Galesburg schools
|Title||Young interview about Galesburg schools |
|Description||Handwritten notes by Knox College professor J. Howell Atwood of an interview Atwood conducted with O.O. Young in 1936 about the school experience of African Americans in Galesburg, Illinois. |
|Named Person||Young, O.O.; |
|Creator||Atwood, Jesse Howell; |
|Time Period||1930s |
|Date Created (original)||October 20, 1936 |
|Identifier||J. Howell Atwood Manuscript Collection (box 9) |
|Rights||See http://library.knox.edu/digitalcollections/rightsinfo.htm |
|Collection||Struggle and Progress-African Americans in Knox County, Illinois (Knox College) |
|Transcript||Mr. O.O. Young (1)|
Oct. 20, '36.
Steele Hist of 9 -- schools
41, 42, 44, 46.
No segregation acc. to race
Colored in Hitchcock dist. prefer,
if possible, to come to Central -- but
not all. More Negroes at
Central. Not made unwel-
come at H, but friends are
down at Central. So princi-
pals are authorized to transfer
without any ado. Bateman
has had 1 or more N. [Negro] children,
but where they have asked
for tr. [transfer] to Mary Allen West
it has been granted.
Planned social activities
in H.S. [High School] began under Mr. Y.
then Ns [Negroes] "to realize that
being in school wasn't
being in" society. School
dances are attended by Ns [Negroes].
The whites dance with each
other. Negroes together. No
inter-racial partners. Neg-
roes have on occation present-
ed vocal or dance "numbers" at the h.s. [high school]
matinee dances & have
been well received by
the white students.
Tragic occasions when
a Negro discovers he is a
Negro. Once the team (h.s. [high school])
including a N. [Negro] boy was in-
vited to a white northside
home for dinner. He was
seated between Mr. Young
& Mr. Miller at their suggestion,
but the hostess was embarassed.
Football dinners have been discont[inue]'d.
At Douglas school -- "bloody
seventh" riots when N. [Negro] child-
ren tried to attent that school.
Ns [Negroes] won't go.
N. [Negroes] go thru the grades
pretty well, but don't
hold out thru h.s. [high school] This
last year had 6. A
few yrs. ago there was a
boy whom we suspected
of having N. [Negro] blood who
refused to sit beside a
N. [Negro] girl at the commence-
ment. He was allowed
to stay away.
"My exp. with N. [Negros]
here has been pleasant.
I've found them reason-
able. A negro who doesn't
[illegible] trouble here gets
along." Here at h.s. [high school] they
We've tried to have
N. [Negro] clubs. They don't
seem to want them.
No exclusively N. [Negro] clubs.
Some of the clubs are not
strictly social affairs. They
have no dues -- no social
parties. There are 7 of
these open to Negroes. They
are intra-mural, literary,
debating. smaller groups
within these clubs can have
parties or can combine.
N. [Negroes] participate in football
and track. The coach
is strong for team play.
no single N. [Negro] in 14 yrs show-
ing outstanding ability
either as students or
|Physical Description||handwritten on half-sheets of 8.5 x 11 inch paper |