Knox College Struggle and Progress-African Americans in Knox County, Illinois (Knox College)
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Young interview about Galesburg schools
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TitleYoung interview about Galesburg schools
DescriptionHandwritten notes by Knox College professor J. Howell Atwood of an interview Atwood conducted with O.O. Young in 1936 about the school experience of African Americans in Galesburg, Illinois.
Named PersonYoung, O.O.;
CreatorAtwood, Jesse Howell;
Time Period1930s
Date Created (original)October 20, 1936
IdentifierJ. Howell Atwood Manuscript Collection (box 9)
CollectionStruggle and Progress-African Americans in Knox County, Illinois (Knox College)
Date Digital2012-07-18
TranscriptMr. O.O. Young (1)
Oct. 20, '36.
Steele Hist of 9 -- schools
41, 42, 44, 46.

No segregation acc. to race
in reports.

Colored in Hitchcock dist. prefer,
if possible, to come to Central -- but
not all. More Negroes at
Central. Not made unwel-
come at H, but friends are
down at Central. So princi-
pals are authorized to transfer
without any ado. Bateman
has had 1 or more N. [Negro] children,
but where they have asked
for tr. [transfer] to Mary Allen West
it has been granted.

Planned social activities
in H.S. [High School] began under Mr. Y.
then Ns [Negroes] "to realize that
being in school wasn't
being in" society. School
dances are attended by Ns [Negroes].

p. 2
The whites dance with each
other. Negroes together. No
inter-racial partners. Neg-
roes have on occation present-
ed vocal or dance "numbers" at the h.s. [high school]
matinee dances & have
been well received by
the white students.

Tragic occasions when
a Negro discovers he is a
Negro. Once the team (h.s. [high school])
including a N. [Negro] boy was in-
vited to a white northside
home for dinner. He was
seated between Mr. Young
& Mr. Miller at their suggestion,
but the hostess was embarassed.
Football dinners have been discont[inue]'d.
At Douglas school -- "bloody
seventh" riots when N. [Negro] child-
ren tried to attent that school.
Ns [Negroes] won't go.

p. 3
N. [Negroes] go thru the grades
pretty well, but don't
hold out thru h.s. [high school] This
last year had 6. A
few yrs. ago there was a
boy whom we suspected
of having N. [Negro] blood who
refused to sit beside a
N. [Negro] girl at the commence-
ment. He was allowed
to stay away.

"My exp. with N. [Negros]
here has been pleasant.
I've found them reason-
able. A negro who doesn't
[illegible] trouble here gets
along." Here at h.s. [high school] they

p. 4
We've tried to have
N. [Negro] clubs. They don't
seem to want them.
No exclusively N. [Negro] clubs.
Some of the clubs are not
strictly social affairs. They
have no dues -- no social
parties. There are 7 of
these open to Negroes. They
are intra-mural, literary,
debating. smaller groups
within these clubs can have
parties or can combine.

N. [Negroes] participate in football
and track. The coach
is strong for team play.

p. 5

no single N. [Negro] in 14 yrs show-
ing outstanding ability
either as students or
Physical Descriptionhandwritten on half-sheets of 8.5 x 11 inch paper
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