Knox College Struggle and Progress-African Americans in Knox County, Illinois (Knox College)
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Emancipation Day. A Gala Day for the Colored People.
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TitleEmancipation Day. A Gala Day for the Colored People.
DescriptionFrom the Galesburg Republican-Register August 5 1876, page 1.
CreatorGalesburg Republican-Register
Time Period1870s
PublisherGalesburg Republican-Register
Date Created (original)August 5, 1876
CollectionStruggle and Progress-African Americans in Knox County, Illinois (Knox College)
Date Digital2012-03-01
TranscriptEmancipation Day.
A Gala Day for the Colored People.

The first of August is a great day
among the colored people. It is their
New Year's, their Fourth of July, all
their days boiled into one, and it is the
day on which the old and the young, the
great aud the small delight to celebrate.

The first of August is the day On which
the slaves under the rule of Great Brit­
ain were set free. For years the Aboli-
tionists of England had waged a war
against slavery, surpassing even the war-
fare waged by the Abolitionists of the
United States. Year after year were they
repulsed in the English Parliament until
1793, when the Commons passed an act
for the gradual abolition of the slave
trade. This was the first victory. After
that came the contest for the total aboli-
tion of slavery. The gradual emancipa­
tion bill was brought forward in April
1833, and August 7th a bill passed the
House of Commons, which received the
royal assent Aug. 28th, 1833, providing
for an apprenticeship of six years, and
the payment to the masters of £20, 000,
000. The day fixed fbr emancipation was
Aug. 1th 1834.

Slavery continued to exist in the
United States until Dec. 18th, 1865, when
the Secretary of State declared the
amendment to the constitution prohibit-
ing slavery, ratified by 27 of the 36 States.
The colored people generally unite the
tWo days and celebrate the English eman­
cipation day.

In Galesburg ther unfortunately exists
a division among the colored people. Con­
sequently there were two celebrations, one
taking place at the Baptist church and
the City Park, and the other at Crystal
Springs and the Academy of Music.

At 11 o'clock a procession was formed
at the Baptist church, some thirty car­
riages, headed by Ward's Centennial
band, paraded thrQugh the principal
streets, and at last reached the City Park
where the ladies had spread tables under
the trees, and for two hours people gath-
ered there to eat and be merry. At 2
o'clock, the crowd gnthered round the
grand stand to listen to the literary ex-

At Crystal Springs anQther large crowd
gathered who spent the forenoon in pleas-
ure seeking on the water and in the
grove attached to the grounds.

The colored people wound up their
festivities at night with a little talking
at the Methodist church, a dance at Res-
cue Hall, and one at the ACademy of
Music. One or two fights took place dur-
ing the evening, but no one was seriously
injured. The boys and girls, old and
young, had a good time.


TUESDAY night a party driving out the
Knoxville road, passed two buggies in
each of which were seated a colored lady
and gentleman, enjoying the moonlight
after the celebration. As the party re­
turned, they found one of the buggies
upside down in the road, the colored gen-
tleman talking soothing words to his
horse in a fence corner, and his lady
friend sitting on a bank nursing her head
with a handkerchief. Sich is life.
FilenameGalesburg Republican-Register_August_5_1876_p1
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