Knox College Muralism in Revolutionary Nicaragua-The Henry Houser Collection (Knox College)
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Camilo Torres and Gaspar Garcia Laviana
Camilo Torres and Gaspar Garcia Laviana
TitleCamilo Torres and Gaspar Garcia Laviana
DescriptionThis mural is part of the "Historía de Nicaragua" (History of Nicaragua) mural project in the Santa Maria de los Angeles Church in Barrio Riguero in Managua, Nicaragua. This specific part of the mural portrays Camilo Torres (a Colombian priest) and Gaspar García Laviana (a Spanish-Nicaraguan priest) above the corpses of other victims. Gaspar took up arms with the FSLN (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional) and was killed in an ambush before the triumph in July 1978. Camilo Torres is seen as a predecessor to Liberation Theology, and was part of the ELN guerrilla movement in Colombia; he was killed in 1966. The murals painted in this building were part of a project by Italian muralist Sergio Michilini, who led a team of Italians to train and teach Nicaraguan artists muralism. There were twenty-two Nicaraguan students and four foreign students that helped with the murals in this church. Henry Houser notes, "all of the people present were outspoken critics of imperialist intervention, many were martyred or killed in guerrilla activity. Many are clergy two are Indigenous. A couple are symbols of liberation theology. Also present are Sandino, the FSLN and Fonseca."
ArtistMichilini, Sergio

ContributorsItalia Nicaragua Ancona, Centro Documentazione America Latina (Italy), Moviemient Laici America Latina (Italy) and ENAPUM-DAS (Nicaragua).
PhotographerHouser, Henry P.
Subject (LCSH)Art and revolutions -- Nicaragua; Laviana, Gaspar García, 1941-1978; Torres, Camilo, 1929-1966; Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional;
Geographic locationNicaragua -- Managua
Date created (work)1982-1985
TypeStill Image
IdentifierThe Henry Houser Collection (Part 4 Folder 5 #49)
RightsU.S. and international copyright laws protect this digital image. Commercial use or distribution of the image is not permitted without prior permission of the copyright holder. For permission to use the digital image, please contact Knox College Special Collections & Archives at -
CollectionMuralism in Revolutionary Nicaragua-The Henry Houser Collection (Knox College)
Create date (photograph)1987
Create date (digital)2010-10-02
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