Illinois Wesleyan University John Wesley Powell Collection of Pueblo Pottery (Illinois Wesleyan University)
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JAR (Olla)
JAR (Olla)
TitleJAR (Olla)
Case Location0032
Cultural AffiliationZuni
Date of Manufactureca. 1850-1860
This water jar is similar in conception to artifact numbers 35, 71, and other Zuni jars in the collection. The top band of decoration is t'sipopa kyatsotanne (stripes with points) that represents timuci (thunder knife), a knife used by priests in many ceremonies. Between each pair is the alununanne (diamond) and neweyulinne (Newekwe Society face painting) motif. The diamond represents the sling used by boys to hunt birds.

Below this are four panels, each with a pair of netsikâ (crooks, or drumsticks, used in ceremonies) with lapanwe (feathers) motifs that frame a na'lan (deer). The spots on the back of the deer and the lack of antlers indicate that it's a fawn. The deer are not depicted in either their house or in a house of flowers but are on black ground that symbolizes the damp earth where women want to plant their gardens. Deer images are often used in the hope that they will bring success in hunting. That the deer here are fawns suggests a connection with a ceremony for which fawns are used such as Sha'lako, the Zuni world renewal ceremony held in early December. Separating the deer panels are, alternately, two large vertical motifs, the nanna elaye (grandfather standing) design that represents a prayer for long life, and the hepakinne (sunflower) motif. Sunflowers are often interpreted as representing the sun.
Height23.6 cm
Diameter32.6 cm x 32.0 cm
RightsIllinois Wesleyan University retains the rights to this material. Permission to reproduce these images must be granted by IWU. Contact or 309-556-1535 for more information.
Collection NameJohn Wesley Powell Collection of Pueblo Pottery (Illinois Wesleyan University)
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